Journal of Business Data Science Research <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Business Data Science Research (JBDSR)</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> Journal of Business Data Science Research (JBDSR) is a peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal devoted to the field of data science and finance, marketing, accounting systems, operations and supply chain management, information systems, innovation and entrepreneurship, and organizational behavior. The journal scope covers academic and empirical studies on all business knowledge aspects and data science.</p> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Journal Info</strong></summary> <ul> <li style="text-align: justify;">Country of Publication: <strong>Iran</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Date of First Publication: <strong>2020 (October)</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Journal Metrics: <strong>Google scholar</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Acceptance Rate: <strong>About 50%</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Frequency: <strong>Quarterly</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">ISSN (Online): <strong>2783-5340</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Language: <strong>English</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Scope: <strong>Business Data Science and all of it's discipline</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Type of Journal: <strong>Scholarly</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Open Access: <strong>Yes</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Indexed &amp; Abstracted: <strong>Yes</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Review Process : <strong>Double blind peer review</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Preliminary Review : <strong>One week</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Review Time: <strong>Eight weeks approximately</strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Contact e-mail: <strong><a href=""></a></strong></li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Copyright: <strong>Open access Creative Commons license (CC-BY 4.0)</strong></li> </ul> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Aims and Scope</strong></summary> <ul> <li style="text-align: justify;">Business Knowledge</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Business Analytics</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Management Analytics</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Supply Chain Analytics </li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Digital Business</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Data Culture</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Financial Data Science</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Data Science in Marketing</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Data Science in Human Resource Management</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Data Science in Supply Chain Management</li> </ul> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Guidelines for Author</strong></summary> <p style="text-align: justify;"> For general author guidelines, please see <a href="">here</a>.<br /> For information on policy and publication ethics, please see <a href="">here</a>.</p> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Peer Review Process</strong></summary> <p style="text-align: justify;">All "Journal of Business Data Science Research" manuscripts are screened initially by the Editors. Only those papers that meet the scientific and editorial standards, and fit within the aims and scope of the "Journal of Business Data Science Research", will be sent for full blind peer review. Papers for full review will be sent to at least two expert referees. "Journal of Business Data Science Research" adheres to a rigorous blind reviewing policy, in which the identity of both the reviewers and author(s) are always concealed from both parties. Based on the review recommendations the paper should be accepted, revised or rejected.</p> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Publication Ethics</strong></summary> <p><strong>Duties of Authors</strong></p> <ol> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Reporting Standards: </strong>Authors should present an accurate account of the original research performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Researchers should present their results honestly and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation. A manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Manuscripts should follow the submission guidelines of the journal.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Originality and Plagiarism: </strong>Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work. The manuscript should not be submitted concurrently to more than one publication unless the editors have agreed to co- publication. Relevant previous work and publications, both by other researchers and the authors’ own, should be properly acknowledged and referenced. The primary literature should be cited where possible. Original wording taken directly from publications by other researchers should appear in quotation marks with the appropriate citations.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: </strong>The author should not, in general, submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently. It is also expected that the author will not publish redundant manuscripts or manuscripts describing the same research in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Multiple publications arising from a single research project should be clearly identified as such and the primary publication should be referenced</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Acknowledgment of Sources: </strong>Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Authorship of the Paper: </strong>The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study. Others who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. In cases where major contributors are listed as authors while those who made less substantial, or purely technical, contributions to the research or to the publication are listed in an acknowledgment section. Authors also ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: </strong>All authors should clearly disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Fundamental Errors in Published Works: </strong>If the author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in the submitted manuscript, then the author should promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects: </strong>The author should clearly identify in the manuscript if the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use.</li> </ol> <p><strong> </strong><strong>Duties of Reviewers</strong></p> <ol> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Confidentiality: </strong>Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential and be treated as privileged information. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Acknowledgment of Sources: </strong>Reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in the research. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. The reviewers should notify the journal immediately if they come across any irregularities, have concerns about ethical aspects of the work, are aware of substantial similarity between the manuscript and a concurrent submission to another journal or a published article, or suspect that misconduct may have occurred during either the research or the writing and submission of the manuscript; reviewers should, however, keep their concerns confidential and not personally investigate further unless the journal asks for further information or advice.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Standards of Objectivity: </strong>Review of submitted manuscripts must be done objectively and the reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments. The reviewers should follow journals’ instructions on the specific feedback that is required of them and unless there are good reasons not to. The reviewers should be constructive in their reviews and provide feedback that will help the authors to improve their manuscript. The reviewer should make clear which suggested additional investigations are essential to support claims made in the manuscript under consideration and which will just strengthen or extend the work</li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: </strong>Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers. In the case of double-blind review, if they suspect the identity of the author(s) notify the journal if this knowledge raises any potential conflict of interest.</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Promptness:</strong> The reviewers should respond in a reasonable time-frame. The reviewers only agree to review a manuscript if they are fairly confident they can return a review within the proposed or mutually agreed time-frame, informing the journal promptly if they require an extension. In the event that a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete a review of the manuscript within stipulated time then this information must be communicated to the editor so that the manuscript could be sent to another reviewer.</p> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Submission Fees</strong></summary> <p style="text-align: justify;">This journal charges the following author fees.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Article Submission: 0.00 (IRR) <br />Authors are not required to pay an Article Submission Fee.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Article Processing Charge: 0.00 (IRR)<strong><br /></strong>Authors are not required to pay Article Processing Charge.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Article Publication: 0.00 (IRR)<br />If the paper is accepted for publication, authors will not required to pay an Article Publication Fee.</p> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Open Access Policy</strong></summary> <p style="text-align: justify;">This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Copyright and License Statement</strong></summary> <p style="text-align: justify;">The author sends the manuscript with the understanding that if accepted for publication, the copyright of the article belongs to the author and retains publishing rights without restriction.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span title="">Copyright includes the non-exclusive right to reproduce and submit articles in all forms and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilm, and other similar reproductions, as well as translations.</span> <span title="">Reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in the database and its transmission by all forms of media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopying, recording, magnetic media, etc.</span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span title="">The journal editorial board makes every effort to ensure that no false or misleading data, opinions, or statements are published in the journal.</span> <span title="">Either way, the contents of articles and advertisements published in journals are the sole and exclusive responsibility of each writer and advertiser.</span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span title="">All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal as follows: <a href=""><em>Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)</em></a></span></span></p> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Plagiarism Policy</strong></summary> <p style="text-align: justify;">"Journal of Business Data Science Research", Editorial Board recognizes that plagiarism is not acceptable and therefore establishes the following policy stating specific actions (penalties) when plagiarism is identified in an article that is submitted for publication in the Journal of Business Data Science Research.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Definition:</strong><br />Plagiarism involves the "use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work."</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Policy</strong>:<br />Papers must be original, unpublished, and not pending publication elsewhere. Any material taken verbatim from another source needs to be clearly identified as different from the present original text by (1) indentation, (2) use of quotation marks, and (3) identification of the source.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Any text of an amount exceeding fair use standards (herein defined as more than two or three sentences or the equivalent thereof) or any graphic material reproduced from another source requires permission from the copyright holder and, if feasible, the original author(s) and also requires identification of the source; e.g., previous publication.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">All submitted papers will be checked off their similarity via plagiarism software.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">When plagiarism is identified, the Editor in Chief responsible for the review of this paper and will agree on measures according to the extent of plagiarism detected in the paper in agreement with the following guidelines:</p> <p><strong>Level of Plagiarism</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>1. Minor:</strong><br /><em>A short section of another article is plagiarized without any significant data or idea taken from the other paper</em><br /><em>Action: A warning is given to the authors and a request to change the text and properly cite the original article is made</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>2. Intermediate:</strong><br /><em>A significant portion of a paper is plagiarized without proper citation to the original paper</em><br /><em>Action: The submitted article is rejected and the authors are forbidden to submit further articles for one year</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>3. Severe:</strong><br /><em>A significant portion of a paper is plagiarized that involves reproducing original results or ideas presented in another publication</em><br /><em>Action: The paper is rejected and the authors are forbidden to submit further articles for five years.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">It is understood that all authors are responsible for the content of their submitted paper as they all sign the "Journal of Business Data Science Research" Copyright Transfer Form. If a penalty is imposed for plagiarism, all authors will be subject to the same penalty.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">If the second case of plagiarism by the same author(s) is identified, a decision on the measures to be enforced will be made by the Editorial board (Editor-in-Chief, and Editorial members) with the Chair of the Editor in Chief. The author(s) might be forbidden to submit further articles forever.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This policy applies also to material reproduced from another publication by the same author(s). If an author uses text or figures that have previously been published, the corresponding paragraphs or figures should be identified and the previous publication referenced. It is understood that in case of a review paper or a paper of a tutorial nature much of the material was previously published.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The author should identify the source of the previously published material and obtain permission from the original author and the publisher. If an author submits a manuscript to "Journal of Business Data Science Research", with significant overlap with a manuscript submitted to another journal simultaneously, and this overlap is discovered during the review process or after the publications of both papers, the editor of the other journal is notified and the case is treated as a severe plagiarism case. Significant overlap means the use of identical or almost identical figures and identical or slightly modified text for one half or more of the paper. For self-plagiarism of less than one half of the paper but more than one- tenth of the paper, the case shall be treated as intermediate plagiarism. If self-plagiarism is confined to the methods section, the case shall be considered as minor plagiarism.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">If an author uses some of his previously published material to clarify the presentation of new results, the previously published material shall be identified and the difference to the present publication shall be mentioned. Permission to republish must be obtained from the copyright holder. In the case of a manuscript that was originally published in conference proceedings and then is submitted for publication in "Journal of Business Data Science Research", either in identical or in expanded form, the authors must identify the name of the conference proceedings and the date of the publication and obtain permission to republish from the copyright holder. The editor may decide not to accept this paper for publication.</p> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><details> <summary><strong>Submissions</strong></summary> <p> <a href="">Make a new submission</a> or <a href="">view your pending submissions</a>.</p> </details></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> en-US (Dr. Naser Khani) (Dr. Ebrahim Rasti B. F.) Tue, 23 May 2023 18:17:00 +0330 OJS 60 Investigating the Impact of ERP System and SC Operations on Competitive Advantage and Corporate Performance (Case Study: MAMMUT Group) <p>The main purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of the system of ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) and SCM (Supply Chain Management) on the competitive advantage and performance of MAMMUT Group. The methods for collecting information in this study are library studies and field research. A questionnaire was used to collect the data needed to determine the relationship between the variables of the research. This questionnaire contains 38 questions. The direction of the current research is applied. The statistical population of this study consists of managers and experts who are familiar with the SCM system and ERP. Number of statistical society is 210. The sampling method is simple in this research. The sample size is 136 people. Also, among the distributed questionnaires, reliability of Cronbach's alpha is evaluated and its value is more than 70%. Therefore, it confirms reliability. And formal validity has been used to determine the validity of the questionnaire, which is confirmed by the fact that the score of the impact is greater than 1.5. In the present study, one variable analysis was used for central indicators, dispersion and deviation from symmetry, and a general picture of the society was obtained. Also, two variables were analyzed to test the hypotheses; to measure the correlation coefficient between variables using structural equations, SPSS software was used. Finally, multivariate analysis was used with statistical techniques related to the SPLS structural equations to determine the effects of independent variables on the dependent variables of the research to determine the structural relationships between the variables. The results of the test of research hypotheses indicate that: 1. SCM practices have a positive impact on the competitive advantage of the MAMMUT Group. 2. SCM practices have a positive impact on the performance of the MAMMUT Group. 3. ERP system has a positive impact on the performance of the MAMMUT Group. 4. The ERP system has a positive impact on MAMMUT's competitive advantage. 5. The competitive advantage has a positive impact on the performance of the MAMMUT Group. 6. The ERP system has a positive impact on SCM of MAMMUT Group. The above results indicate that the system of ERP and SCM has an impact on the competitive advantage and corporate performance of MAMMUT Group.</p> Mehdi Ajalli, Delaram Jafargholi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Business Data Science Research Sat, 01 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0330 The Effect of Sales Growth Rate, Inventory Turnover Rate and Growth Opportunities on Profitability <p>The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of sales growth rate, inventory turnover ratio and growth opportunities on company profitability (return on assets, net profit margin, and return on equity) in manufacturing companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange. To achieve this goal, the financial information of a sample of 171 companies admitted to the Tehran Stock Exchange between 2014 and 2022 were selected and analyzed by systematic elimination method. Multiple regression was used to analyze the data. The findings of this research show that the sales growth rate has a positive and significant relationship with the profitability of the company. Growth opportunities in the return on assets and net profit margin models do not have a significant relationship with the company's profitability, but in the return on equity model, they have a positive and significant relationship with the company's profitability. Inventory turnover also has an inverse and significant relationship with company profitability in all three profitability models.</p> Hamidreza Asadifard, Meghdad Amiri Tamaie, Mohammad Dalvand Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Business Data Science Research Sat, 01 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0330 The Disadvantages of International Rules and Guidelines for Banks in Emerging Countries: A Case Study of Iran <p>This paper examines the disadvantages of international rules and guidelines for banks in emerging countries, with a specific focus on Iran. The Basel guidelines are the most well-known international banking regulations, but their implementation in emerging countries can create challenges for banks. Higher compliance costs, reduced access to credit, increased competition, difficulty in complying with complex regulations, limited relevance to local conditions, limits on innovative financing, stricter capital requirements, higher costs of borrowing, and increased regulatory burden are some of the challenges that banks in emerging countries face due to international regulations. The paper presents case studies from Iran to illustrate these challenges. The paper also offers possible solutions for banks in emerging countries, including the establishment of local regulations, the development of technology, and increased collaboration between local and international banks. By understanding the disadvantages of international rules and guidelines for banks in emerging countries and identifying possible solutions, policymakers and banking executives can work together to create more effective regulations that support economic growth and financial stability in these countries.</p> Mohammad Mahdi Davoudi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Business Data Science Research Sat, 01 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0330 Business Intelligence on Agile Natural Gas Supply Chain <p>The offshore oil and gas upstream supply chain operations are part of a complex system with many stakeholders and intricate relationships. Traditionally, these operations are managed manually, which leads to inefficiencies. Despite the innovative and engineering-orientated approaches adopted in other technical operations of the industry, the supply chain activities remain unchanged, relying heavily on legacy systems.&nbsp;This study aimed to examine the effect of integrating Business Intelligence (BI) into the Natural Gas (NG) supply chain agility, within the Iranian Oil, Gas &amp; Petrochemical sector.&nbsp;&nbsp;Based on the resource-based view of the firm, this study developed and examined a research model, to achieve its goal. The impact of three dimensions of BI including managerial, technical, and cultural competencies was examined. This study contributes to the literature on the role of BI in promoting supply chain agility, from the perspective of a developing country. The findings of this study are expected to help organizations' administrations in making better decisions regarding employing BI to achieve an agile supply chain.</p> Reza Mohammadi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Business Data Science Research Sat, 01 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0330 The Application of Grounded Theory in Data Science Research <p>Grounded theory is a research methodology that is used in data science to uncover patterns or relationships among the data. It is a flexible and iterative approach that is suitable for discovering new insights in very large and complex data sets. The efficient use of grounded theory in research makes the exploration of instances in data science easier to enable the effective analysis of large and complex data sets for effective decision-making and efficient problem-solving. This article will provide an in-depth analysis of the grounded theory process and its application in data science.</p> Ebrahim Rasti Borazjani Faghat Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Business Data Science Research Sat, 01 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0330